The principal author has declared that he is a member of the Vegetarian Society. In this group of men, vegan diets were the only form of vegetarian diet linked with lower prostate cancer, and this association remained even after adjusting results of the analysis for weight. Participants were excluded if they were not aged between 20 and 89 at the time of recruitment, if they had a malignancy (cancer) before the study or if they had no information for one or more of the factors, such as age, sex, smoking and dietary group. Pesco-vegetarians enjoyed a 43 percent reduction in risk of colorectal cancers compared with non-vegetarians. Lung cancer, breast cancer and colorectal cancer are down by even smaller numbers. those who they considered may have already been developing cancer when the questionnaire was completed). The Oxford Vegetarian Study recruited 11,140 participants from throughout the UK between 1980 and 1984. The EPIC-Oxford cohort recruited participants from the UK through GP practices and a mailed invitation, which specifically targeted vegetarians and vegans. The overall sample contained a low number of current smokers. However, the incidence of these four cancers across the whole sample was low (particularly for stomach and bladder cancer), which decreases the reliability of the risk figure calculated and the clinical relevance for the general public. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. This result corresponds with a review by Huang et al. They found that overall cancer incidence (compared to meat-eaters) was 11 per cent lower in vegetarians and 19 per cent lower in vegans. Current United States incidence figures for the ten leading types of cancer … Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The American Institute for Cancer Research promotes a plant-based diet. Participants of both studies were followed up to the end of 2006 through records from the National Health Service Central Register, which provides information on diagnoses of cancer and all deaths. It is not known for how long this dietary pattern had already existed at the time of enrolment (for example, a person could have been vegetarian for weeks or years) or whether this dietary pattern continued during follow-up. There was no significant difference in risk between fish eaters and meat eaters. Being a fish eater decreased the risk of ovarian cancer compared to being a meat eater (RR 0.37, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.77). Again, these were assessed only once and were unlikely to have remained the same throughout follow-up. Published in 2014, this research considered 2,246 vegans (out of a wider pool) and concluded that: Total cancer incidence was 12% lower in fish eaters, 11% lower in vegetarians, and 19% lower in vegans compared with meat eaters. Those on a vegetarian diet tended to have a lower rate of death due to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and renal disorders such as kidney failure. The lacto-ovo-vegetarian diets seem to confer protection from cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. In the 2015 paper from EPIC-Oxford (19), there was no difference in all cancer mortality between vegetarians (including vegans) and regular meat-eaters (0.93, 0.82-1.05). This study has combined the results of two large cohort studies which assessed diet and then looked at cancer outcomes after several years of follow-up. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The Rumor: Vegetarians are healthier than meat eaters First of all, what exactly constitutes vegetarian? And this was compared to a group of healthy omnivores who ate substantially less meat than the general population (two servings a week or more), as well as after controlling for non-dietary factors such as smoking, alcohol, and a family history of cancer. But those on plant-based diets had a … The findings come from the pooled results of two large studies, which looked at cancer rates and dietary habits in 61,566 people. One-third of participants were vegetarian and 75% were women. The multivariate HR of overall cancer risk among vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians was statistically significant [HR, 0.92; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.85-0.99] for both genders combined. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. My notes on "Cancer Rates of Vegetarians and Vegans – Summary of Prospective Cohort Studies, 1960–2014". A vegetarian diet is one of the best options for them. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 22(2); 286–94. The pescatarians were found to have a 13% lower risk of CHD than the meat-eaters, while the vegetarians and vegans had a 22% lower risk. 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